First of all, both the man and the woman need to visit a doctor who will prescribe a number of tests. The most important (in addition to general blood and urine tests) are blood tests for determining blood type and Rh factor, as well as determining the presence of TORCH infections in the body of a future mother. In disputed cases, additional consultations of narrower specialists (for example, genetics) may be required.
When preparing for pregnancy, a woman should take into account a number of points. First of all, this is the presence in an anamnesis of miscarriages or abortions (this can become a negative factor when carrying a baby). If a woman is more than 30 years old, then to start preparing for conception is not later than six months, and also mandatory to undergo preliminary genetic screening, because the older the woman, the higher the risk of fetal pathologies in the course of pregnancy.
It is also necessary to warn the obstetrician-gynecologist about the presence of chronic diseases in a woman.
Therefore, to establish the presence in the body of a future mother of the above infections, as well as the presence of antibodies to them, should be in advance. When infected during pregnancy, infections can lead to the development of serious fetal malformations and even miscarriage. And the course of some infections is characterized by a lack of pronounced symptoms, so a woman’s well-being cannot be a guarantee of a lack of pathology.
Toxoplasmosis is a fairly common disease, about a third of people worldwide are infected with this virus. Toxoplasmosis is most often caused by feline parasites. If the planning woman is already infected with toxoplasmosis, and her body has antibodies to this infection, then you can not worry. It is dangerous only primary infection. If there are no antibodies, then when preparing for pregnancy and during the period of bearing the child, you must be extremely cautious when dealing with cats, especially street ones, and also when working with the ground.
Another dangerous for the baby infection is rubella. This infectious disease is transmitted by airborne droplets, its main symptoms are a rash all over the body and an increase in temperature up to 38 degrees, but cases of the asymptomatic disease are known.
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