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PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome)

The most common cause of PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome) is lacking pregnancy, the disease causes ovulation to fail and is therefore the most common cause of infertility. Between 5 and 15 percent of all fertile women are expected to suffer from PCOS to some extent.

Polycystic ovary syndrome, or PCOS, as it is also called, is a condition of the woman with ovarian cysts and an abnormal hormone production with too high levels of male sex hormones. This leads to several consequences. Partly, the ovaries do not usually work, which can lead to menstrual disorders and infertility.

PCOS means that you have less amount of binding protein and then there will be more testosterone in the blood. The increased amounts of male sex hormone can lead to acne and male body hair (so-called hirsutism), mainly on the stomach, chest, thighs and face. About half of everyone with PCOS also has trouble keeping weight and can become overweight. In addition, sensitivity to insulin increases in the body, which can lead to type 2 diabetes and thus give an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.

In order to diagnose PCOS, you need to have several symptoms besides cysts (small fluid-filled blisters) on the ovaries. Among these symptoms are severe body hair (hirsutism), enlarged ovaries, repeated miscarriage and missing or irregular menstrual periods, and BMI over 25. Higher levels of sex hormones LH, testosterone and androstenedione also have a connection with PCOS.

PCOS is the most common cause of infertility due to lack of ovulation. Excess pregnancy is also the most common reason for detecting that someone has PCOS. Random surveys have shown that PCOS is very common. Between 5 and 15 percent of all fertile women are expected to suffer to some extent. Of these, about 40 percent are overweight, which shows the connection between PCOS and overweight.

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