Malnutrition, depending on the duration of the course, can be acute and chronic. Acute water shortage is formed sharply, suddenly, under the influence of the newly emerged causative factor. As a rule, such anhydrate is benign, that is, functional, associated with some external factor, which can be suppressed by modern methods of treatment. Very often, acute water scarcity appears against the background of acute respiratory disease, influenza, angina or another infectious disease in the mother. However, after the recovery of a pregnant woman, the low blood pressure goes away independently and does not require special treatment.
Chronic hypochlorism develops gradually, gradually, and the causative factor of such a state cannot be quickly eliminated. In chronic water scarcity, a woman needs to undergo a serious examination to determine the cause of this condition and subsequent effective treatment. Most often, the causes of chronic low blood pressure are severe diseases of a pregnant woman (for example, diabetes, obesity, etc.), gestosis, pathology of the placenta (heart attacks, underdevelopment, etc.) or prolonged intrauterine hypoxia of the fetus. Malformations and developmental retardation of the fetus are much less likely to cause chronic water scarcity. Chronic ovarian inadequacy does not pass by itself, and as the gestation period increases, it only progresses, which indicates the presence of severe pregnancy pathology.
Diagnosis of malnutrition in pregnant women
Thus, the diagnosis of malnutrition requires data subjective sensations of a pregnant woman (wiggling the fetus), an objective examination with a measurement of the abdomen and instrumental research (ultrasound).
However, for the diagnosis of “low water”, these parameters should be determined in dynamics, that is, consecutively several times in a row within 1 to 3 months. Based on the results of only one measurement of these parameters, it is impossible to diagnose “low water” because it is simply a functional condition that was accidentally detected at the time of the examination. If on the basis of the results of three measurements conducted with an interval of two weeks between them, a persistent deviation from the norm is revealed, the pregnant woman is diagnosed with “hypochlorism”.
At the moment, the low water prescription is exposed on the basis of a single ultrasound examination, which, in fact, is not a diagnosis, but a simple statement of the fact that at the time of the ultrasound, the woman had insufficient amniotic fluid. Such a situation could arise due to the fact that a woman has recently had an acute respiratory viral infection or a sore throat, has undergone stressful effects, etc.
Our previous article Ultrasound During Pregnancy our article titled during, pregnancy ve ultrasound information is given.