In the case of absolute male infertility (azoospermia – the complete absence of sperm in sperm), there is the possibility of artificial insemination of his partner with donor sperm. Such procedures are carried out only in special centers. Sperm donors are necessarily healthy, young (from 18 to 40 years old) people. In the family of the sperm donor, there should be no cases of alcoholism, mental and hereditary diseases.
Sperm donors are required to undergo research to exclude the likelihood of infectious and genetic diseases, they must have evidence of fertility, meet certain requirements regarding health and lifestyle, and, of course, be anonymous. If a man is determined to become a donor sperm is obtained through masturbation, for which purpose in specialized sperm banks there are specially equipped for this room. The ejaculate is collected in a pre-labeled container. A donor (before freezing sperm and six months after it) is checked for the absence of hepatitis B and C, HIV, genital herpes, cytomegalovirus, gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia, trichomoniasis, and ureaplasmosis. Only after conducting such a semi-annual quarantine donor sperm can be used to treat infertility.
If the problem is the absence of eggs from a woman, it is possible to extract the egg from the donor, its subsequent fertilization with the husband’s sperm and the placement of the fertilized egg in the uterus. This method is a kind of lifeline for women whose ovaries are not able to produce a full-fledged egg cell. The egg donor should be healthy (physically and mentally) woman aged at least 18 and no older than 35 years old, has undergone a thorough medical examination.
In recent years, the use of donor eggs for the treatment of infertility is becoming more common, especially among women who have reached the age of forty and older. Today, about 10% of the total number of procedures for artificial insemination occurs with the use of donor eggs. Pregnancy in women to whom non-frozen embryos were transplanted occurred in 43.5% of cases.
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